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Drug Testing

The Collective Bargaining Agreement between Plasterers' Local Union No. 31, the Master Interior Contractors' Association (M.I.C.A.) and all Independent Contractors' signatory to the Pittsburgh Agreement recognizes the Master Builders Associations' (M.B.A.) Drug Testing Program.The M.B.A. Program utilizes the services of Mobile Medical Corporation.

Click here to find a MMC collection facility near you.

Drug Policy

Click here to view the Master Bulders' Association of Western Pennsylvania, Inc.'s Drug Free Program.

Testing Requirements

The substance abuse program will be conducted within the established guidelines developed by the United States Department of Health and Human Services Scientific and Technical Guidelines dated April 11, 1988 and any subsequent amendments thereto. The laboratory will be licensed or certified by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) and the College of American Pathologists (CAP) and shall participate in the proficiency testing programs required by each of those respective organizations.

The initial screening shall be by immunoassay and require Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry (GC/MS) for confirmation. The panel shall include the following 10 categories of drugs and cutoff limits.

Drug Class Initial Screening Cut-Off Limit Confirmation Cut-Off Limit
Amphetamines 1000 ng/ml* 500 ng/ml*
Barbiturates 300 ng/ml* 200 ng/ml*
Benzolylecognine (Cocaine Metabolite) 300 ng/ml* 150 ng/ml*
Cannabinoids (THC) 50 ng/ml* 15 ng/ml*
Methaqualone 300 ng/ml* 300 ng/ml*
Opiates 300 ng/ml* 300 ng/ml*
Phencyclidine 25 ng/ml* 25 ng/ml*
Benzodiazepines 300 ng/ml* 300 ng/ml*
Methadone 300 ng/ml* 300 ng/ml*
Propoxyphene 300 ng/ml* 300 ng/ml*
Alcohol, Ethyl** (For Cause Only) 0.04% BAC 0.04% BAC

* Cut off limits are established by the United State Department of Health and Human Services in their mandatory guidelines for Federal Workplace Drug Testing Programs.

** Alcohol testing shall be for cause only and shall be performed according to established federal guidelines.

The panel is subject to change as conditions or owner requirements warrant. These conditions or requirements must be submitted to the Parties prior to implementation.

Annual Testing

Effective June 1, 2000, all individuals who wish to become a participant shall submit to a substance abuse test at least one time every year. In order to remain an eligible participant, each participant must continue to submit to a test each and every year. Subsequent annual testing shall occur during the anniversary period of the annual test. A dated Drug Free Certification Card will be issued to a participant testing negative. A participant refusing to submit or electing not to submit to testing will not be issued a Drug Free Certification Card.

Participants will be notified between 60 days prior to their testing anniversary date and their anniversary date that they must renew their certification. Upon receipt, the participant will have 48 hours to report for testing for renewal.

Random Testing

All participants will be subject to unannounced screening for illegal drugs and controlled substances based on random selection. The Parties will test a minimum of twenty-five (25%) of total participants every twelve (12) months. A person may be randomly picked more than once or not at all during each annual period. To assure that the selection process is random, all participating contractors will have their projects placed into a random pool. Furthermore, owners/customers wishing to subject their project(s) to random drug testing may do so by notifying the program administrator. At the time of notification an owner/customer will provide the program administrator with a listing of all participating project employees. The administrator will randomly select a minimum of 25% of the employees for random testing. Testing will be performed on-site during normal working hours. All costs associated with the owner/customer requested random testing will be the responsibility of the owner or his designated contractor. (Refer to Random Drug Testing Selection Procedures)

For Cause Testing

A participant (or participants) may be asked to submit to a drug and alcohol test if cause exists which indicates that his/her health and safety or inability to perform work is observed by a supervisor and/or customer representative. A participant may be tested For Cause under any of the following circumstances:

  1. Involvement in, or cause of, an incident, accident, or near miss, which causes or could have caused injury to the participant or another individual.
  2. Involvement in, or cause of, an incident, accident, or near miss, which causes or could have caused damage or destruction to contractor and/or owner property
  3. Tardiness, excessive absenteeism, erratic behavior such as noticeable imbalance, incoherence, and disorientation.

Testing For Cause shall be performed at the time the incident is reported and shall be the responsibility of the contractor.

If the test result is positive, the participant will become inactive in the Program and removed from the jobsite immediately. To re-establish eligibility, the participant must comply with all requirements of the Program prior to retesting and obtaining a new Drug Free Certification Card.

If the test result is negative, the participant will receive his normal compensation for the time spent away from the job.

Random Drug Testing Selection Procedures

  1. Program Administration
    1. The random drug testing program will be administered by Mobile Medical Corporation who will administer the selection process in concert with the standing Medical Review Officer.
  2. Selection Process
    1. The goal of the Program is to test a minimum of twenty-five percent (25%) of participants every twelve (12) months. Additionally, the Program goal is to perform random testing for owners who elect to have random testing performed at their sites on a minimum of twenty-five percent (25)% of contractor employees. A person may be selected more than once or not at all during the annual testing period.

A list of all known projects will be maintained by the Program Administrator for selection on a monthly basis. The listing will include the project name and address. All participants will be eligible to be selected for the testing to be conducted during each random testing period. Upon selection, the third party administrator will contact the selected firm’s designated representative. The contractor will provide the third party administrator with a list of individuals, by name and social security number, currently working on site. The parties will then schedule a mutually agreeable time and schedule the random tests to be conducted on the project.

Upon completion of each random the third party administrator will determine if the program’s twenty-five percent (25%) goal minimum has been met. If the goal has been met, no more program randoms will be scheduled that month. If not, additional random testing will be performed at randomly selected projects.

The Program Administrator will utilize a double blind sampling process to select the projects for the testing.

Additionally, owners may elect to subject their projects to random testing each month. An owner may exercise this option by notifying the Program Administrator and providing a listing of all employees social security numbers to the Program Administrator. The Program Administrator will then randomly select a minimum of twenty-five percent (25%) of the employees for testing. Participants will be screened at the job-sites during normal working hours.

Random testing may only take place on individual job sites provided the selection of participants meets the random requirements.

The participant shall surrender his/her Drug Free Certification Card at the time of the random test.

Any participant who does not report/submit for random testing will be considered positive, except for those participants with legitimate verifiable excuses.

If participants random test is negative, the Program Administrator will update the participants Drug Free Certification Card with a new testing anniversary date, and return it to the participant within ten (10) working days. During the time the participants random test is being processed, the receipt (copy 5 of the chain of custody form) from the date of collection of the random test will be recognized as an active card. The receipt will be valid for ten (10) working days.

If the participants test result is positive, he/she will become inactive in the Program. The participants current employer and/or the apprenticeship coordinator will be notified immediately that the participant is no longer active in the program. If he/she is employed on a Drug Free jobsite, he/she will be removed immediately. To re-establish eligibility, the participant must comply with all requirements of the Program prior to retesting and obtaining a new Drug Free Certification Card.

Eligibility Requirements

All covered individuals will be required to establish eligibility in the program within one (1) year of the effective date by submitting to a drug screen. Contractors may require a drug free certification card as a condition of employment beginning September 1, 2000.

When the results of the testing have been determined to be negative, the individual will be designated a participant in the Program and will receive a Drug Free Certification Card. The participant will maintain his/her eligibility in the Program provided he/she complies and successfully passes all future tests in accordance with the previously defined testing provisions of this Program.

Should an individual test positive for substances as listed in this Program, the individual will not be issued a Drug Free Certification Card. Should an existing participant test positive for substances as listed in this Program during future testing as defined in the previously defined testing provision, his/her Drug Free Certification Card will be rescinded and he/she will be suspended from the program immediately.

Individuals and/or participants who have tested positive (failed) during any testing for illegal drugs, controlled substances or alcohol or refused testing within the program will not be eligible to participate in the Program until:

  1. A period of thirty (30) calendar days have elapsed since the drug screen results were received. And;
  2. The individual/participant has completed an approved and certified rehabilitation program and evidence of it is provided to the Program Coordinator. And,
  3. The individual/participant passes a subsequent drug screen in accordance with this Program.

  4. After meeting the conditions specified above, the participant will be subject to unannounced follow-up periodic testing for a period of one (1) year commencing on the date of their negative retest.

    The Substance Abuse Professional (SAP) and/or the MRO will determine periodic unannounced testing.

    A journeyman participant testing positive two (2) times will be excluded from the Program for a period of one (1) year and must re-establish eligibility as outlined above.

    A journeyman participant testing positive three (3) times will be excluded from the program permanently.

    An apprentice testing positive one (1) time will be removed from the program permanently.

    Testing Process

  5. The specimen is collected according to the established protocol. The collector will remain with the participant at all times until collection procedure is complete.
    • Participant must remove all outer garments except one dress shirt and one pair of trousers;
    • Participant must roll pant legs above socks;
    • Participant must empty all pockets;
    • Participant must wash hands before entering the rest room;
    • Rest room is secured: no running water, no soap, bluing agent in toilet water.
    • Specimen temperature must be between 90 and 100 degrees;
    • Participant completes the chain-of-custody form;
    • Specimen is sealed and initialed by the participant;
    • Specimen is identified with the bar code label provided on the chain-of-custody form;
    • Specimen is packaged with chain-of-custody form;
    • Participant initials package
  6. If specimen temperature is not in range, the participant will remain in the testing area and provide a new specimen within three (3) hours.
  7. A copy of the chain-of-custody form is mailed to the Medical Review Officer.
  8. A copy of the chain-of-custody form is mailed to the Program Coordinator.
  9. The specimen is shipped via overnight courier service to the certified laboratory for analysis.
  10. Every participant reported as negative to the Program Coordinator will be issued a Drug Free Certification Card. Cards should be received approximately ten (10) days from the date of collection.

In case of a positive result of any test, the participant shall:
  • Have the right to have the original sample independently analyzed at their expense, by a laboratory certified by the College of American Pathologists (CAP) or SAMHSA of their choice. The laboratory must meet the qualifications of the program as specified. If the independent analysis is negative, the participant shall be allowed to begin work immediately.
  • Have the right to secure a copy of all data relating to the test procedures and results, providing the costs are paid in advance to the Program Administrator.

In keeping with DOT guidelines, an adulterated specimen will be considered a positive drug screen and the participant submitting the adulterated specimen will be required to re-establish eligibility prior to further testing.

Medical Review Officer

All test results shall be treated in a confidential manner. Accordingly, the testing facility will disclose results only to the participant and/or Program Coordinator via the Medical Review Officer (MRO)

The MRO shall be responsible for:

  • Reviewing and verifying a confirmed positive result;
  • Notifying the tested participant of a positive result;
  • Providing the participant with an opportunity to discuss why the test result might be positive;
  • Reviewing the medical records as provided by or at the arrangement of the tested participant.
  • Verifying the laboratory result;
  • Notifying the Program Coordinator of all test results, positive and negative;
  • Processing re-test requests.
  • Participating in return-to-duty decisions as required;
  • Referring the participant testing positive to the Substance Abuse Professional (SAP) designated by the union.

The laboratory sends confirmed positive results to the MRO for processing. The MRO will then notify the participant.

If the MRO determines that there is a legitimate medical explanation for the confirmed positive result, the MRO will take no further action and report the test as negative.

If the MRO verifies that a confirmed positive test is scientifically sufficient and there is no legitimate medical explanation, the MRO shall immediately contact the Program Coordinator and report the test as positive.

If the MRO attempts to contact a tested participant and they do not respond in five (5) working days, the MRO shall report the test as positive.

The MRO shall refer any participant testing positive to the Unions approved Substance Abuse Professional (SAP). If treatment is recommended or required, the participant may apply for these benefits, if eligible, under his/her health care plan.


This Program may be superseded or supplemented by a customers program, which may be in effect where program participants are working or visiting. Additionally, this policy may be superseded or supplemented by specific customer contractual stipulations, owner site specific programs, or applicable governmental regulations.

All testing results included in this Program shall be considered medical records and shall be held confidential except to the extent necessary to administrate this Program or where compelled by law. However, this information may be divulged pursuant to an enforceable subpoena for grievances, arbitration, litigation with respect to these matters, and/or other parties with a need to know.

It is understood that the Union, whose members are covered by these procedures, shall not be responsible for ascertaining or monitoring the drug-free or alcohol-free status of any participant in this Program.

The Parties agree to establish a committee comprised of an equal number of representatives from Labor and Management whose function will be to periodically review the program and, when necessary, recommend changes.

The Parties reserve the right to change, alter, or amend the content and provisions of this Policy at any time with mutual agreement.

Glossary of Terms

  • BREATH ALCOHOL CONTENT (BAC): Breath alcohol concentration expressed as grams of alcohol per 210 liters of breath.
  • CHAIN OF CUSTODY: The procedures established by SAMHSA and DOT to track specimen handling and storage from point of collection to final disposition. Stringent chain of custody procedures ensure the integrity of each specimen collected.
  • CONFIRMED POSITIVE RESULT: The final result of a specimen which has been first screen tested to detect the presence of a substance above the established cut-off limit and then confirmed by a more precise quantitative method based on the Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry (GC/MS) technique which specifically identifies the substance and the amount.
  • CUT-OFF LIMIT: The lowest level at which a substance can be detected and reported as positive.
  • DESIGNATED CONTRACTOR REPRESENTATIVE: The designated representative from a contractors organization who will be notified if a participant tests positive.
  • DRUG CLASS: The type of drugs included in the test panel.
  • DRUG FREE CERTIFICATION CARD: The certificate issued to a participant meeting all program requirements.
  • GAS CHROMATOGRAPHY/MASS SPECTROMETRY (GC/MS): A sensitive, specific and accurate analytical procedure used to confirm a positive result of an initial test. GC/MS is absolute quantitative confirmation when you know the drug you are looking for.
  • INITIAL SCREENING TEST: A quick immunoassay test which proves or disproves the presence of substances in excess of the established cut-off limit. Positive results on an initial screen are considered presumptive until confirmed by GC/MS.
  • MEDICAL REVIEW OFFICER (MRO): A licensed physician (medical doctor or doctor of osteopathy) trained to interpret and evaluate confirmed positive test results. The MRO is responsible for receiving the laboratory results generated by the testing program.
  • NEGATIVE TEST: The final result of tested specimen in which no substance has been detected or a confirmed positive test that the MRO determines to be legitimate.
  • NG/ML: Nanograms per milliliter are the unit of concentration used for quantitative drug test results.
  • PARTICIPANTS: The members of each party of the program voluntarily taking part in the program, and executing the informed consent attached as exhibit A.
  • PROGRAM ADMINISTRATOR: Third Party selected by the parties to perform the administration functions of the program.
  • PROGRAM COORDINATOR: Person designated by the parties to communicate with the Medical Review Officer and the Participants.
  • SUBSTANCE ABUSE MENTAL HEALTH SERVICES ADMINISTRATION (SAMHSA): A federal organization which recommends substance abuse testing procedures and which certified substance abuse testing laboratories.
  • SUBSTANCE ABUSE PROFESSIONAL (SAP): Individual trained to recognize and evaluate substance abuse disorders in participants testing positive.